3870 PARAKALEO (109): kaleo = to call + para = beside; to call to one's side. In God's FCM (NT), parakaleo means to do a good thing to or for someone such as to summon, encourage or comfort them; or it may be pleading with someone for their benefit or our own. The English translation of parakaleo is greatly dependent upon the context for its meaning.
Parakaleo is usually translated "exhort" when the context indicates an attempt to motivate a person. But the word "exhort" implies "to pressure" or, according to Webster, "to incite by words or advice." This does not relate to the loving persuasion that is usually implied in the text. "Urge" seems to be a better word when the context suggests motivating a person. And "encourage" is a preferable word when the context implies benefiting others. Passages in which parakaleo is used in the context of pleading to God or Jesus are a kind of prayer. Comp. "prayer" (4335 proseuche).
TO CALL TO ONE'S SIDE: Act.28.20: "So then, because of this I called for (parakaleo) you+ to see and to speak with [you+]. For the sake of the hope of Israel I have this chain around [me]."
TO PLEAD TO OR PLEAD WITH SOMEONE FOR HELP: In some of these passages the pleading for help is to Jesus while he was in a physical body, and others are a pleading in prayer to God.
TO PLEAD WITH A HUMAN, OTHER THAN JESUS IN THE FLESH; as in Lk.15.28: "but he (the older son) was furious and would not come in. But his father, coming out, pleaded with (parakaleo) him." Also Rom.12.1: "...I plead with you+ brothers through the sympathies of God, to present your+ bodies a pure (hagios), living sacrifice, pleasing to God, [which is] your+ rational service."
TO PLEAD WITH JESUS FOR HELP, WHEN HE WAS IN THE FLESH; as in Mk.1.40: "...a leper came to him pleading with (parakaleo) him and falling on [his] knees saying to him, 'If you are willing you are able to make me clean."
TO PLEAD WITH GOD IN PRAYER FOR HELP: 2Co.12.8: "I pleaded with (parakaleo) the Master three times concerning this, so that it might depart from me."
TO ENCOURAGE; as in 1Th.3.2: "...and [we] sent Timothy, our brother and fellow-worker of God in the good news of the Anointed One, to firmly set and encourage (parakaleo) you+ concerning your+ trust."
TO STRONGLY ENCOURAGE OR URGE; as in 1Pe.5.1-3: "So then I urge (parakaleo) the older men among you+, [as a] fellow older man and a witness of the sufferings of the Anointed One and a sharer of the magnificence about to be revealed: shepherd the flock of God among you+; not by compulsion, but willingly in response to God; not for shameful profit, but eagerly; not as masters over their destiny, but [by] becoming a pattern for the flock."
TO COMFORT BECAUSE OF AFFLICTION, GRIEF, SUFFERING, ABASEMENT; for example 2Co.1.3-4: "Praised be the God and Father of our Master Jesus the Anointed One, the Father of sympathies and God of all comfort (paraklesis) who is comforting (parakaleo) us in all our hardship, so that we are able to comfort (parakaleo) those in evey hardship because of the comfort (paraklesis) with which we ourselves are comforted (parakaleo) by God."
3874 PARAKLESIS (29): klesis = a calling + para = beside; a calling to one's side. In the FCM the paraklesis is always beneficial to others.
AN ENCOURAGEMENT IN GOOD THINGS: 1Co.14.2-3: "...the one speaking in an unknown language is not speaking to humans but to God, for no one hears; but in spirit he is speaking secret [things]. But the one who is speaking from [God] to humans is speaking about building-up and encouragement (paraklesis) and consolation..."
A COMFORTING TO RELIEVE AFFLICTION, GRIEF OR SUFFERING; as in Lk.6.24: "But woe to you+ rich [ones], because you+ have your+ comfort (paraklesis)..."
A PLEADING: as in 2Co.8.3-4: "I testify that according to [their] ability, and beyond [their] ability, of their own accord with much pleading (paraklesis), asking a favor of us: [to] share in the service to the purified ones."
3875 PARAKLETOS (5): from "encouragement" (3874 paraklesis); one who comforts, helps and encourages. This parakletos is the Pure Spirit in the book of John, and is Jesus in First John. For example, Jn.14.26: "I have spoken these things to you+ [while] staying with you+; but the Helper, the Pure Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, that one will teach you+ all things and will remind you+ of everything which I said to you+." Also, 1Jn.2.1: "My little children, I write these things to you+ so that you+ do no wrong. And if anyone does wrong, we have a helper (parakletos) with the Father, Jesus the upright one."
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