3686 ONOMA (229): name. When used literally, onoma represents the verbal or written word (or words) by which a person is called or identified, as in Mt.1.21: "...and you shall call his name Jesus." In God's First Century Message (FCM), "onoma" always refers to the name of a person, except for these five passages in which it describes a place or thing: Mk.14.32, Lk.1.26, Lk.24.13, Rev.3.12b, Rev.8.11.
A personal name should always be transliterated, so that to the extent possible, it may be spelled and pronounced as in the original language. For instance, except for God's personal name, Yahweh, most of the names in God's Ancient Message (AM) have been adequately transliterated from Hebrew into English. And over the centuries, most of the Greek names in the FCM have been transliterated into the standardized English spellings and pronunciations that are now used.. For ease of comprehension these should not be changed.
Additionally, as a metaphor, onoma figuratively expresses the power (1411 dunamis) and authority (1849 exousia ) of a person, as in the expression, "Open up in the name of the law." A name has no inherent superhuman power. Power and authority belong to the owner of the name and in the FCM have been delegated to certain individuals.
For example, Act.4.10: "Let it be known to all of you+, and to all the people of Israel, that in the name (onoma) of Jesus the Anointed One, the Nazarene, whom you+ crucified, whom God raised from [the] dead, in this [name] this man stands before you whole." It was not the name "Jesus" but the person "Jesus" whose power and authority had enabled Peter to perform the superhuman act as described in Act.3.6. Many humans have been named Jesus, but only one person, "Jesus the Anointed One," was given the authority and power to perform and delegate such superhuman attributes. Because Jesus' power dwells in his person, rather than in his name, his name can be spelled and pronounced in whatever way is customary. It is usually spelled Jesus or Yesu.
In Rom.10.13, "...whoever calls upon the name of the Master (Lord) will be saved" does not mean that speaking the name "Jesus" will save a person; but instead, availing oneself of Jesus' power and authority through the "good news," as explained in verses 14-17: "So then, how can they call on him whom they have not trusted? And how can they trust in him of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without one proclaiming? And how can they proclaim if they are not sent? As it has been written, ‘How beautiful are the feet of those announcing news of good things.' But not all obeyed the good news. For Isaiah says, ‘Who has trusted [from] hearing us?' So then trust is from hearing, and hearing through a message of the Anointed One." Similarly, "calling on the name of the Master" in Act.2.21 and 22.16, is more than just calling out his name, but includes invoking his power and authority. See "call" (2564 kaleo).
The usage of "onoma" in Php.2.8-10 reveals that Jesus' name is above all others: "...he humbled himself becoming obedient until death, yea the death of a cross. And for this reason God highly exalted him and gave to him the name above every name, so that in the name of Jesus every knee should bend, heavenly ones, earthly ones and those under the earth." The extent to which Jesus' name is above every name is stated in Eph.1.21: "...far above all rule and authority and power and dominion and every name being named not only in this age but also in the [one] coming." So onoma again metaphorically refers to "power" and "authority"of a person not a literal name.
In Jn.10.3 it is written that Jesus "...calls his own sheep by name...," meaning that Jesus calls those humans who trust in him by name.
THE WORD "NAME" IN THE AM; Hebrew, "shem." Usage of the word "name" (shem) is essentially the same as in the FCM. It occurs about 600 times, usually referring to the name of a person or place; and sometimes to calling on the name of God, or Yahweh, as in Gen.4.26: "...Then men began to call upon the name of Yahweh." See 2316 theos for further discussion.
TITLES: The personal name of a "being" is different than any titles, functions, attributes, descriptions, characteristics or honors that help identify him. For example, many humans are named Jesus, but only one certain Jesus is identified by the unique title, "the Anointed One." He is often called "Jesus the Anointed One" in the FCM or simply, "the Anointed One." Similarly, "John the Immerser" is distinguished from all other Johns in the FCM by the title, "Immerser."
THE NAME OF GOD; Yahweh. The personal name for one person among God in the AM (OT) is "Yahweh" (YHWH). He has no other personal name. Prior to their exodus from Egypt, the Israelites were instructed to call him by his name Yahweh. The name "Yahweh" never occurs in the FCM, but is implied in each of the passages that refer to the "name of God" (the name of the "Mighty One" in Lk.1.49). Since "Yahweh" is only one person, the use of the word "God" in each of these passages necessarily means that his title "God" is singular too, as in Rom.9.17 (and Exo.9.13-16): "For the writings say to Pharaoh, ‘I raised you up so that in you I might display my power, and so that my name (onoma) might be widely announced in all the earth.'" So, the name "God" (theos) in these passages refers only to the Father; not to Jesus, neither to the Pure Spirit, nor to all three of these beings as a single entity. Also, no FCM passage indicates that believers in the present age are to call upon God through his personal name "Yahweh." In the present age those who trust in God may address him as "Father," a much closer relationship.
The titles, "Father" and "Master" are applied to Yahweh in the FCM, as in Rev.16.9: "and the people were burned with great heat, and they spoke God's name (onoma) contemptuously, the [one] having the authority over these plagues..." Similarly in Jn.5.43: "I have come in the name (onoma) of my Father, and you+ do not receive me...."Also, Mt.21.9: "...Our Savior, the son of David. Praised be the one coming in [the] name (onoma) of [the] Master..." See 2316 theos for further discussion..
THE NAME OF THE FATHER; Yahweh, God's name. He is Jesus' Father in Jn.5.43, 10.25, 12.28, 17.6, 11, 12, 26 and Rev.14.1b and Father to those who trust in him in Mt.6.9, 28.19 and Lk.11.2 . For example, in Jn.10.25, "Jesus answered them, ‘I told you+, and you+ do not believe. The works which I do in the name (onoma) of my Father, these testify concerning me....'"
THE NAME OF THE MASTER (LORD), referring to the Father (Yahweh); as in Mt.23.39: "For I tell you, you+ will surely not see me from now until you+ say, ‘Praised be the [one] coming in [the] name (onoma) of the Master.'" Name: (13) Mt.21.9; 23.39. Mk.11.9. Lk.13.35; 19.38. Jn.12.13. Act.2.21; 15.17; 22.16. Rom.10.13. Jas.5.10,14. Rev.15.4. THE NAME OF THE MASTER (LORD), referring to Jesus the Anointed One; as in 2Th.1.12: "...so that the name (onoma) of our+ Master Jesus may be magnified in you+, and you+ in him, according to the favor of our God and [our] Master Jesus the Anointed One."
REFERENCE TO THE NAME OF JESUS, as in Mt.1.23: "Look! the virgin will be pregnant and will give birth to a son, and they will call his name Emmanuel, which is translated, ‘God with us.'" Also 1Jn.3.23: "And this is his commandment, that we should trust [in] the name of his Son Jesus the Anointed One, and helpfully care for one another as he gave commandment to us."
THE NAME OF THE SON; Jn.3.18: "The one who is trusting in him is not condemned; the one not trusting in him is condemned already, because he has not trusted the name of the only-born Son of God."
THE NAME OF THE PURE SPIRIT: Mt.28.19: "So then go and make learners in all the nations, immersing them in the name (onoma) of the Father and of the Son and of the Pure Spirit." The names of the Father (Yahweh) and of the Son (Jesus the Anointed One) are revealed in scripture, but the name of the Pure Spirit is nowhere revealed, only titles such as "Pure Spirit," "Comforter" or "Helper."
A HUMAN OTHER THAN JESUS REFERRED TO BY NAME; as in Act.5.1: "But a certain man named (onoma) Ananias with his wife Sapphira sold a property...."
NAME, REFERRING TO AN UNSPECIFIED HUMAN; as in Lk.6.22: "You+ are benefitted when people despise you+ and when they separate [from] you+ and revile and throw out your+ name (onoma) as evil for the cause of the Son of humanity." In Act.1.15 people are referred to simply as names: "And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the brothers [and] said, (the crowd of names together [was] about one hundred twenty)..." Onoma may also refer to a group of persons whose names are not included in the text, as in Lk.10.20: "...rejoice that your names (onoma) have been enrolled in the heavens." Passages such as this imply that God has a unique name for every human who has been saved, as in Rev.2.17: "...To the one overcoming...I will give him a white stone and on the stone a new name (onoma) written, which no man knows except the [one] receiving it."
NAME OF REAL OR FIGURATIVE EVIL SPIRITUAL BEINGS; for example, Mk.5.9: "And he (Jesus) asked him, ‘What [is] your name (onoma)?' And he answered saying, ‘My name (onoma) [is] Legion; for we are many.'" Also Rev.13.17: "and no one could buy or sell except the one having the mark, the name (onoma) of the beast or the number of its name."
NAME OF SOMETHING OTHER THAN A "BEING": For example Lk.24.13: "And look, two of them were traveling on the day to a village named (onoma) Emmaus, which was sixty furlongs (7 ½ miles) from Jerusalem.
3687 ONOMAZO (10): to name someone or something, as in Lk.6.13-14: "And...he called to learners, and chose from them twelve, whom he also named delegates; Simon whom also he named Peter, and Andrew his brother...." To use someone's name or authority, as in Act.19.13: "But some of the wandering Jews, exorcists, attempted to name the name of the Master Jesus over those having evil spirits, saying, ‘I exorcize you by the Jesus whom Paul proclaims.'"
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