5486 CHARISMA (17): a "gift of favor" or "grace gift." Charisma is broader in meaning than charis (5485). The primary meaning of charis is "favor," but in the FCM (NT) charisma includes the additional idea of a "gift" or special "ability" given by God. The recently coined English word charisma describes a person who has an aura or personality that awes, leads or inspires others; but that is not its meaning in the Greek FCM.
Charisma is sometimes translated "free gift." But if something is "free" then it is a "gift." It is not a gift if it is not free. Thus "free gift" is a redundant expression and should not be used to translate charisma.
In Rom.1.11, charisma is used with the adjective, pneumatikos (spiritual) and reveals that charisma has a relationship to a person's spirit: "For I deeply yearn to see you+, that I may share some spiritual gift of favor (pneumatikos charisma) with you+..."
This "spiritual gift of favor" is so named for at least two reasons:
Jesus made several promises to his learners concerning the Pure Spirit in Jn.14.12, 14.16-18, 15.26, 16.7 and 16.13:
These "same and greater things than Jesus had done" evidently includes his superhuman signs, powers and wonders. In 1Co.12 we read that this came about through the action of the Pure Spirit:
1Co.12.4-8 is one the few passages in God's Message which records the harmony in action between God, Jesus and the Pure Spirit, as they operate together to benefit humans. This passage and the verses following it also reveal that "gifts of favor" are given through the Pure Spirit and are managed by him:
A charisma is not a "material" thing, but rather a "spiritual" ability or a benefit given to believers. It's purpose is to enable the recipient to better serve God and other humans. Each of God's people has at least one charisma (1Co.7.7, 12.7 and 1Pe.4.10).
There is no requirement that every believer must undergo a "laying on of hands" to receive his "charisma." Timothy received a "gift of favor" in 1Ti.4.14 and 2Ti.1.6, through the "laying on of hands by Paul and older men." But this seems to have been an affectionate gesture or a custom. On other occasions gifts were given without "laying on of hands."
"But the gift of favor (charisma) [is] not like the offense; for if by the offense of the one many died, much more did God's favor (charis) and the gift (dorea) of favor (charis ) of the one human, Jesus the Anointed One overflow to the many."
Consider God's magnificence in the preceding quotation. It was a "favor" from God to humans to give them his Anointed One, Jesus. And it was also Jesus' "gift of favor" to humanity to die for those who trust in him.
In Rom.5.17, "offense" is again contrasted to "favor" plus "gift" (charis + dorea). Also, in Rom.12.6, "favored gifts" (charismata) is equivalent to "favor given" (charis + didomi). "A gift of the favor of God" is in the text of Eph.3.7; "favor was given" is stated in Eph.4.7; similarly in Rom.12.3.
Two classes of charismata (gifts of favor) are described in God's FCM:
See "gift" (1431 dorea ) for additional information concerning "spiritual gifts" and "gifts of favor."
Note that four of these gifts are described in the plural, suggesting that they include different KINDS of each gift:
This in turn implies that there exists only one KIND of each of the other listed gifts (wisdom, knowledge, faith, etc.). Note that this list of "gifts" is probably not all-inclusive. Nothing says that God cannot devise special "gifts" for special circumstances, such as Peter's ability to discern truth from the lies of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5 and to know that they should die for their deceptions.
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