1093 Ge (246): planet Earth, a geographical area on the earth's surface, or soil. Ge is the root of English words such as geography or geology.
In the English language, "earth" and "world" have similar meanings and are synonyms in some contexts. But in the FCM (NT) "ge," the Greek word for "earth" has a different meaning than kosmos (2889), the Greek word translated "world." In the FCM kosmos (world) does not mean "earth" but refers to "human society." This can be seen in the passages in which ge and kosmos occur in the same context: Jn.17.4-6, Act.17.24, 1Co.8.4-5, Heb.11.38, 2Pe.3.5-6, Rev.13.8 and 17.8. For example 1Co.8.4-5: "...we know that an idol is nothing in the [human] world (kosmos), and that there is no God except one. For even if there are [any] called gods, either in heaven or on earth (ge)..."
"Heaven" (3772 ouranos) and earth (ge) are used in the same context in Mt.5.18,35; 6.10,19; 11.25; 16.19,19; 18.18,18,19; 23.9; 24.30,35; 28.18; Mk.2.10; 13.31; Lk.10.21; 12.56; 16.17; 21.33; Act.2.19; 4.24; 7.49; 14.15; 17.24; 1Co.8.5; Eph.1.10; 3.15; 4.9; Col.1.16,20; Heb.1.10; 12.26; Jas.5.12; 2Pe.3.7,10,13; Rev.5.3; 10.6; 13.13; 14.7; 20.11. For example Mt.6.10: "Let your reign come. Let your desire come about; as in heaven (ouranos), so also on earth (ge)." These words are contrasted in passages such as Mt.6.19-20: "Do not store up treasures for yourselves upon the earth (ge), where moth and rust do damage and where thieves dig through and steal. But treasure up for yourselves treasures in heaven (ouranos), where neither moth nor rust do damage, and where thieves do not dig through nor steal."
THE PLANET EARTH AS A WHOLE OR IN GENERAL. A new, different earth in 2Pe.3.13 and Rev.21.1a. Ge is used figuratively in Rev.6.13, 12.4, 16, 13.3, 20.11 and elsewhere in the book of Revelation.
A NAMED AREA OR LAND IN GENERAL: For example Mt.2.6: "And you Bethlehem in the land of Judah...". "Ge" refers to a named area in Lk.8.26-27: "And they sailed down to the "country" (5561 chora) of the Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee. And as he went onto the land (ge) a certain man met [him]..."
SOIL, DIRT, EARTH, GROUND. The material of which the earth is composed.
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